Mental retardation - short stature - scoliosis refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, short body frame, and abnormally curved spine. Individuals with this form of intellectual disability can have severe back problems and difficulty performing physical tasks. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if a short stature and abnormally curved spine are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is developed on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Physical therapists may create exercise plans for the individual to strengthen his or her ability to perform tasks. Spine specialists may also suggest the patient be placed on braces or undergo surgery to re-align the spine. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.